White rice is the prime ingredient for the meals of almost half of the earth’s population. And it always occupies an irrevocable place in lunch time. Sown and cultivated in abundant quantities, this vital food grain gives life to farmers and also to those who feed on it. This type of rice in its unadulterated form is called ‘Milled rice’. This milled rice always has its husk, bran, and germ removed before it can go for sale. It is only after the whole process of milling that the rice begins to be polished and can be called as “White rice”. This process of milling alters the texture, appearance, color and taste of the rice; all for the better. The rice appears white and smooth with a shiny appearance. It gives extended life to rice during its storage period and delays spoilage.
The process is done using a machine called rice polisher. It is used to polish and whiten kernels of rice to give them a better taste and look. The rice polishers are abrasive machines that use talc or some other fine dust to polish or buff the outer layer of rice. Similarly, rice huller is a machine that removes the fibrous hull from kernels of rice.
WHAT ARE THE HARMS?
Though the rice kernels attain an improved flavour and colour after polish, they lose some of their nutrients. People who include too much of white rice in their diets may develop Type 2 diabetes, according to Harvard School of Public Health. Because white rice doesn’t contain as much nutrient as brown rice. Brown rice is rich in fiber and magnesium whereas white rice is mostly regarded as an empty source of calories. This absence of nutrients in the diet leads to Type 2 in diabetes. It is preferred only as conventional food and not as a part of a healthy diet.
DOES WHITE RICE CONTAIN ARSENIC?
It is actually the brown rice that contains significantly more arsenic than the white rice. And when the bran rice is removed, the arsenic also goes away and this is how we obtain white coloured rice. A mild level of arsenic was found in white rice varieties like jasmine and basmati that were imported from other countries. And even the little portion of arsenic that is left in the white rice after it has been polished can also be easily cleared after rinsing.