Mesopotamia is the name of an ancient region which means the land between two rivers. Mesopotamia made up most of what is today Iraq and is considered to be the first civilization. It was in Mesopotamia that people first began to live in large cities and created governments. Mesopotamia is often referred to as the ‘Cradle of Life’. Mesopotamia included a region of approximately 300 miles long by 150 miles wide. The Mesopotamian culture also developed the first written language, religion, and agriculture. Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River.
Mesopotamia was made up of individual City-states controlled by different powers. They would eventually attack each other and end up under 1 ruler. The people would retaliate and go back to being city-states. This process was repeated many times.
Baghdad is located in the middle of Iraq by the Tigris River; Babylon was located along the Euphrates River; Nippur was located approximately 100 miles south of Babylon.
The wedge-shaped writing is called cuneiform and was a great achievement because it allowed information to be transferred from place to place with accuracy.
Ancient Mesopotamians were masters of brick and mud construction, and brick-making became a major industry in Mesopotamia.
Women in Mesopotamia were housekeepers, mothers, and wives.
At the age of only 12 girls were considered to be ready to get married.
Mesopotamians were the first to grasp the concept of the number zero, and the first to begin experimenting with mathematical problems.
Money did not exist in Mesopotamia so they used weight to buy and sell items.
It is believed that the Mesopotamians invented the sailboat.
Mesopotamian Religion did not believe in the after-life. They believed that all good and bad people go under-ground as ghosts and eat dirt.
Mesopotamia was the very first civilization.
In the Mesopotamian religion, there are 4 main gods of Earth, Water, Air and the Heavens. And there were 3,000 lesser gods and each represented an everyday item like a pickaxe. If you were mining and the pickaxe slipped and fell on your foot, the god of the pickaxe hated you!
Babylon was the capital of Mesopotamia.
Mesopotamians developed glass, the Pythagorean Theorem, and ancient sanitation techniques.
Mesopotamians invented the wheel in approximately 3500 BC, changing transportation forever.
Although most of the region that encompassed Mesopotamia is now desert, it often experienced flooding in ancient Mesopotamian times.
Mesopotamians farmed crops of vegetables, fruits, sesame, wheat, barley and raised pigs, sheep, and cattle.
The Mesopotamians invented the seeder plow which made it possible for farmers to the plow and seed at the same time, saving time and energy.
The first cities in the world appeared in Mesopotamia in approximately 4000 to 3500 BC.