For all of you living in households surrounded by a tropical habitat, lush green meadows or thick rugged grass, the dreadful forecast of snakes could be a nagging problem. You sure do your best to keep an eye out for any of their unwelcome arrivals. Alas… Menacing though it may be, snakebites do happen. Just as you do not wish to be a helpless witness, you need to equip yourself with the lifesaving skills for a snake-bit victim. Here are some basic first-aid tips that can save a life!
- Identify the Snake: The number of species of snakes in India amounts to 216 but it suffices for the city dwellers to identify and learn about the “Big five venomous snakes”. Only 5 varieties of all the snakes are poisonous. They are the Cobras, Kraits, Vipers, Coral Snakes and Sea Snakes. Just by the sight of the snake, you may not be able to identify if it belongs to the poisonous category. So, you always treat the victim like you would for a poisonous snake bite. Should it be possible, carry the captured/killed snake taking care as to not to crush its head. Because the features of its head quite its potency of venom. Reaction to snake bites can show its ugly flavor in just 6-8 minutes after the bite.
- Offer comfort: The first thing you do is attend to the psychological shock of the person because there have been many cases where the shock killed the victim faster than the venom.
- Save the heart: Your immediate help has to target minimizing harm to the heart. Be quick to tie a pressure bandage from the point of snake bite towards the heart to stagnate the poison from circulation to the heart. As you rush the victim to a hospital, carry the victim in a reclined position so that the area of the bite is in lower elevation, compared to the heart. This again maintains retention of poison infected blood from flowing towards the heart.
- Act quickly: Alert the hospital beforehand so they could keep the anti-venom serum ready. You have to be in your most attentive form and pace the scene with your thriving presence of mind. Bear in mind you have very little time at your disposal if the bite is venomous and what you could do in that little time funds the foundation of all the treatment a medical service could render to save the person’s life.
- Do not suck the blood: As much as you endeavor to help out the victim, make sure you do not thrust yourself to peril. The earlier remedies of slashing the wound and sucking the blood out of the mouth cannot be very suggestive. Despite not actually swallowing the blood, trivial mouth boils or tooth openings can mope up the job and place you at risk, thereby producing yet another victim to the same old snake bite. Ensure your own safety, then that of the other witnesses and then proceed to do what best you can to put the snake-bitten victim’s life to safe shores.