First I am going to discuss what is exactly hyper pigmentation is, when your skin is healthy it produces the correct amount of melanin which maintain your skin toning, Hyper pigmentation occurs when your skin is damaged or it is unhealthy. With hyper pigmentation, areas of your skin become darker. Hyper pigmentation can occur on your face or your entire body. There are a number of causes but the best form of prevention is protecting your skin from the sun.
For hyper pigmentation you need to understand it’s types and causes:
Hyper pigmentation can develop a number of different potential causes.If you want to try and prevent it, it’s important to have a clear understanding of the different ways it might appear.
There are 3 types of Hyper pigmentation and they are as follow:
- Post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation
Image for reference: Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation(PIH)
The epidermis is the outermost layer of skin and the dermis is the layer below that. This type of hyperpigmentation can be caused by skin condition which involves the junction between epidermis and dermis. If PIH is a reaction to a specific inflammation it can resolve itself without treatment, but this can sometimes take months.PIH includes acne, burns, and psoriasis.
There are a wide variety of different instances of lentigines recorded in medicine. Some of these develop when you are very young and some as you get older. Solar lentigines are often caused by excessive exposure to the sun.
Melasma is developed from hormonal changes, most commonly during pregnancy, It is often aggravated by thyroid complaints. Melasma appears in the form of dark brown, roughly symmetrical patches on the face. Melasma is not occurred due to exposure of the sun.
Some tips to prevent skin from hyperpigmentation and sun damage:
- Applying a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 every two-three hours can help reduce PIH. Wearing a broad-rimmed hat and UV protective clothing can also help.
- Protect your skin from the sun. Ensuring that you properly protect your skin and limit your exposure to UV light is the most basic and reliable process you can take to lessen the chances of experiencing any kind of hyperpigmentation, limiting your time spent in the sun.
- Find out if you have hyperpigmentation in your family history. As with many medical conditions, there is thought to be a genetic element involved in melasma pigmentation.inform your doctor about this so that he can help you in recovery.
- Drink 6-7 glass of water keeps your body hydrated, it is good for skin.