6 Iron Deficiency Diseases And Health Problems

6 Iron Deficiency Diseases And Health Problems

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WHAT IS IRON?

Iron is one of the most vital minerals that is very essential for the proper functioning and maintenance of the body. Iron is needed mainly for the transportation of oxygen and for the oxidation process that is done by the blood cells. The person whom is suffering from iron deficiency is medically termed as anemic. Iron is generally obtained through food sources such as red meat, poultry, vegetables, eggs, cereals, etc. According to medical norms, the average amount of iron that should be consumed is as follows:

  • For men of ages from 19 years to 50 old is 8 mg per day
  • For women of ages from 19 to 50 years old is 18 mg per day
  • For pregnant women, it is 27 mg per day
  • For lactating mothers, it is 9 mg per day
  • For adult men and women above 50 years old, it is 8 mg per day

HEALTH BENEFITS OF IRON

These are the few health benefits of iron in the human body:

  • Increases hemoglobin production
  • Promotes proper muscle functioning
  • Maintains and regulates normal body temperature
  • Aids in the treatment of chronic diseases
  • Improves brain functioning
  • Prevents restless leg syndrome and also treats it
  • Helps cure anemia for women
  • Increases the immunity level
  • Cures insomnia
  • Increases the concentration level
  • Eradicate fatigue

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF IRON DEFICIENCY

  • Unusual fatigue
  • Paleness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Headaches and dizziness
  • Heart Palpitations
  • Dry and damaged hair and skin
  • Swelling and soreness of the tongue and mouth
  • Restless legs

 

6 COMMON IRON DEFICIENCY DISEASES:

  1. IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

Iron deficiency can develop into iron deficiency anemia if not noticed in time. If one experiences the following symptoms mentioned below, he or she should immediately see a doctor and get diagnosed. The symptoms are:

  • Tiredness
  • Lack of energy
  • Headaches
  • Unable to concentrate
  • Pale skin
  • Brittle or spoon-shaped nails
  • Shortness of breath
  • Shortness of the tongue
  • Heart Palpitations
  • Itchiness
  • Change in how food tastes to you

 

  1. RESTLESS LEG SYNDROME (RLS)

Restless leg syndrome is commonly associated with diabetes, chronic kidney disease, a thyroid problem and rheumatoid arthritis. Iron deficiency is also one of the plausible causes. Low iron levels may reduce levels of neurotransmitter dopamine and result in restless leg syndrome. The following signs and symptoms indicate the restless leg syndrome:

  • An irresistible urge to move legs and other body parts
  • Discomfort in lower limbs
  • Aching sensations in your legs
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Nighttime waking

 

  1. TINNITUS AND HEARING LOSS 

Iron deficiency anemia is one of the causes of tinnitus or ringing in the ears. If one hears the following sounds, he should visit a doctor as soon as possible. They are as follows:

  • Ringing
  • Hissing
  • Buzzing
  • Static
  • Whooshing
  • Roaring
  • Pulsing in sync with your heartbeat
  • Ocean waves
  • Crickets
  • Screeching
  • Phone’s dial tone or music

 

  1. HAIR LOSS

Iron deficiency may cause a patterned hair loss which is similar to that of male pattern baldness or female pattern baldness. The link between iron deficiency and hair loss was particularly noted in premenopausal female pattern hair loss.

 

  1. PICA

Pica is an eating disorder associated with iron deficiency where one develops an urge to consume non food items such as ice, dirt, clay, paper, soap, hair, charcoal, cloth, wool, chalk, talcum powder, metal, ash, pebbles, starch, gum, soil or string. The consumption of high amounts of non nutritive substances further results in the reduction of iron levels in one’s body.

 

  1. ULCERS 

The inadequate iron levels are one of the major causes of mouth ulcers or oral ulcers.

 

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