WHAT IS IRON?
Iron is one of the most vital minerals that is very essential for the proper functioning and maintenance of the body. Iron is needed mainly for the transportation of oxygen and for the oxidation process that is done by the blood cells. The person whom is suffering from iron deficiency is medically termed as anemic. Iron is generally obtained through food sources such as red meat, poultry, vegetables, eggs, cereals, etc. According to medical norms, the average amount of iron that should be consumed is
- For men of ages from 19 years to 50 years old is 8 mg per day
- For women of ages from 19 to 50 years old is 18 mg per day
- For pregnant women, it is 27 mg per day
- For lactating mothers, it is 9 mg per day
- For adult men and women above 50 years old, it is 8 mg per day
HEALTH BENEFITS OF IRON
These are the few health benefits of iron in the human body:
- Increases hemoglobin production
- Promotes proper muscle functioning
- Maintains and regulates normal body temperature
- Aids in the treatment of chronic diseases
- Improves brain functioning
- Prevents restless leg syndrome and also treats it
- Helps cure anemia for women
- Increases the immunity level
- Cures insomnia
- Increases the concentration level
- Eradicate fatigue
If one experiences the following signs and symptoms mentioned below, he or she should immediately see a doctor and get diagnosed. The 11 signs and symptoms of iron deficiency which one must not ignore are:
- Constant Fatigue
- Shortness of Breath
- Heart Palpitations
- Pale skin – This is caused due to the reduction of red blood cells. If one has a dark complexion, the paleness can be easily detectable in the inner mouth, nails and lining of the eye.
- Headaches and dizziness – Headaches and dizziness may be due to the compromised oxygen delivery to your organs, including the brain.
- Auditory problems – Some persons with iron deficiency anemia may hear a buzzing, hissing, ringing, whooshing, roaring or screeching sound in their head. This condition is known as tinnitus.
- Strange non food cravings – This is an eating disorder called as Pica which is linked to iron deficiency. One develops an urge to consume non food items such as ice, dirt, clay, paper, soap, hair, charcoal, cloth, wool, chalk, talcum powder, metal, ash, pebbles, starch, gum, soil or string. The consumption of high amounts of non nutritive substances further results in the reduction of iron levels in one’s body.
- Skin problems, hair loss and nail abnormalities – One may have itchy, brittle, spoon shaped nails which are an indicator of iron deficiency. Some may experience hair loss or have pale skin.
- Sore Tongue and cracks in the corners of mouths
- Restless leg syndrome – Iron deficiency anemia may be linked to an urge to move one’s legs or body parts known as restless leg syndrome. They may have a crawling or creeping sensation in their thighs, legs or feet.
- Cold hands and feet – When a body is anemic, it will have insufficient healthy red blood cells to supply oxygen to important organs and body tissues.
These are the 11 signs and symptoms of iron deficiency one must not ignore. If one experiences any of the above mentioned symptoms of iron deficiency, it is best that he should immediately visit a doctor and treat it as soon as possible. Early detection always helps the person to recover faster.